“Voices from a Southern Prison is a moving and richly descriptive oral history that begins to fill a glaring omission in the relevant literature.”
—Bradley S. Chilton, University of Toledo
"Highly recommended . . . In 1978, three inmates at the Kentucky State Reformatory at LaGrange took it upon themselves to correct conditions far worse than those that had led to the fatal 1971 riots at Attica through legal, rather than violent, means. . . . Anderson presents the case as a tribute to the American justice system but also decries the passage of the Prison Litigation Reform Act of 1995, in which Congress severely restricted prison-reform litigation. Without the court access that Thompson had, Anderson states that the prisoners' only recourse will be riots, thus another Attica."
Rats, tainted food, leaky sewage pipes: they only began to hint at the anarchy inside the Kentucky State Reformatory in La Grange. A barracks-style “warehouse” prison straight out of an old mobster film, KSR was three-quarters over its intended capacity by 1978. It had become a sickening, dangerous place, where an inmate could get his hands on a sawed-off shotgun more easily than a clean towel.
That year a handful of KSR prisoners managed to send a plea for help to the federal court in Louisville. The petitioners expected reprisals or, maybe worse, silence. But the letter reached a caring judge, and the prisoners had spoken up at a crucial moment in Kentucky reform politics. The signs seemed right to take on the old-boy network whose byword on prison conditions was “ain’t no riots, ain’t no problems.” The suit was settled in the KSR prisoners’ favor in 1981, paving the way for controversial, protracted, and expensive reforms.
Written by Lloyd C. Anderson, the head of the KSR prisoners’ legal team, Voices from a Southern Prison quotes extensively from recollections of many players in the case, from the judge who presided over it to the journalist who put it in the headlines. Most important, we hear from three inmates who emerged as leaders among their fellow plaintiffs: James “Shorty” Thompson, Wilgus Haddix, and Walter Harris.
As our nation’s penal system expands on an unprecedented scale, the KSR scandal offers timely lessons about entrenched attitudes toward prisons. Thus far, says Anderson, they seem lost on the strategists of our “War on Crime.”
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