Uneven Development
Nature, Capital, and the Production of Space

Neil Smith
With a new afterword
Foreword by David Harvey

Third Edition

"A foundational text of great historical significance, constantly worthy of reappraisal."—from the foreword by David Harvey


"Smith provides a brilliant formulation of how the production of a particular kind of nature and space under historical capitalism is essential to the unequal development of a landscape that integrates poverty with wealth, industrial urbanization with agricultural diminishment."
—Edward Said

"Smith attempts no less than the integration of nature and space in the Marxian theory of capitalist development. The aim is to link two radical traditions—geographical and political—by theoretically illuminating the reality of uneven development. . . . Smith raises the level of the debate on the fundamental question by taking a definite stance. He improves the clarity even of the arguments made in disagreement with him. His book should be widely read, used, and discussed."
Environment and Planning

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In Uneven Development, a classic in its field, Neil Smith offers the first full theory of uneven geographical development, entwining theories of space and nature with a critique of capitalist development. Featuring pathbreaking analyses of the production of nature and the politics of scale, Smith's work anticipated many of the uneven contours that now mark neoliberal globalization. This third edition features an afterword updating the analysis for the present day.

Page count: 344 pp.
Trim size: 6 x 9


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Neil Smith is Distinguished Professor of Anthropology and Geography at the City University of New York and serves as director for the Center for Place, Culture, and Politics. He is author or editor of nine books that explore the broad intersection between space, nature, social theory, and history and is co-organizer of the International Critical Geography Group.