The Rhetoric of Eugenics in Anglo-American Thought

Marouf A. Hasian Jr.

Reviews

"Adds a truly new dimension to the study of eugenics . . . This book provides a powerful service to those of us embroiled in the controversy about the social criticism of science. It shows that the question: good science or bad science? does not work . . . A valuable addition not only to the eugenics literature but also to the critical literature on the social study of science."
Journal of American History

“Although attention has been given to the thought of the (in)famous proponents of eugenics, insufficient attention has been given to the way in which the rhetoric of eugenics has been received among the general public of the early twentieth century. Marouf Hasian’s accessible and easily read book fills this gap in the recent scholarship.”
Research in Philosophy and Technology


“Rhetorical critics of science owe a debt to Marouf Hasian for providing an excellent example of the contribution the rhetoric of science can make to rhetorical studies and to general scholarship.”
Quarterly Journal of Speech

“A valuable contribution to the history of eugenic thought and activity in early twentieth-century England and the United States.”


Isis: A Journal of the History of Science Society

“Notably elucidates the issues involved in past and, by extension, current efforts to improve human genetics. . . . Examines thoroughly and engagingly the cultural context that permitted eugenics to flourish after 1900 and the mechanisms, rhetorical as well as scientific and institutional, by which eugenics promulgated itself.”
American Literary History

“The very rich material analyzed by Hasian adds several new dimensions to our understanding of the multiplicity of responses to eugenic science.”
Journal of the History of Biology

“The value of this book lies in its demonstration of the rich variety in the Anglo-American eugenics discourse. Hasian’s analysis is impressive, providing a rich feast of eugenics commentaries. His critique of the secondary literature on eugenics is sophisticated, and it is studded with illuminating observations.”
—Nicole H. Rafter, Northeastern University

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Description
Ranging in subject from England's poor laws to the Human Genome Project, The Rhetoric of Eugenics in Anglo-American Thought is one of the first books to look at the history and development of the eugenics movement in Anglo-American culture. Unlike other works that focus on the movement's historical aberrancies or the claims of its hardline proponents, this study highlights the often unnoticed ways in which the language and ideas of eugenics have permeated democratic discourse. Marouf A. Hasian, Jr. not only examines the attempts of philosophers, scientists, and politicians to balance the rights of the individual against the duties of the state, but also shows how African Americans, Catholics, women, and other communities--dominant and marginalized--have appropriated or confronted the rhetoric of eugenics.

Hasian contends that "eugenics" is an ambiguous term that has allowed people to voice their concerns on a number of social issues--a form of discourse that influences the way ordinary citizens make sense of their material and spiritual world. While biological determinism and social necessity are discussed in the works of Plato, Malthus, and Darwin, among others, with theories ranging from equality for all to natural superiority, it is Galton's observations on "positive" and "negative" eugenics that have been widely used to justify a variety of social and political projects--including the sterilization and segregation of the unfit, immigration restrictions, marriage regulations, substance abuse, physical and mental testing, and the establishment of health programs that sought to improve "hygiene." Women, African Americans, and other marginalized communities, for instance, have at times lost reproductive rights in the name of "liberty," "opportunity," or "necessity."

Eugenical arguments are more than a creation of pseudo-science or misapplied genetical analysis, Hasian determines; they are also rhetorical fragments, representing the ideologies of multitudes of social actors who, across time, have reconfigured these ideas to legitimize many agendas.

Page count: 280 pp.
Trim size: 6 x 9

 



Hardcover
List price: $46.95
978-0-8203-1771-7
05/01/1996

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Marouf A. Hasian Jr., is an assistant professor in the Department of Communication, University of Utah.