Panama and the United States
The End of the Alliance

Michael L. Conniff
Third Edition

A survey of 180 years of relations between Panama and the United States


“Conniff has carefully mined the rich secondary literature on Panama and neatly pieced together the significant aspects of its diplomatic, economic, political, and cultural history. He has written a masterful synthesis, complete with lively narratives and insightful analyses. Based on the theme that Panama–United States relations have constituted a forced alliance, the book differs from most others by examining the experiences of Panamanians and Yankees on all social levels.”
Journal of American History, on a previous edition

“This is a balanced study. Conniff is no apologist for U.S. policy, but he understands the contradiction between the American perception of itself as a positive force and the reality of its often negative presence.”
American Historical Review, on a previous edition

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After Panama assumed control of the Panama Canal in 1999, its relations with the United States became those of a friendly neighbor. In this third edition, Michael L. Conniff describes Panama’s experience as owner-operator of one of the world’s premier waterways and the United States’ adjustment to its new, smaller role. He finds that Panama has done extremely well with the canal and economic growth but still struggles to curb corruption, drug trafficking, and money laundering. Historically, Panamanians aspired to have their country become a crossroads of the world, while Americans sought to tame a vast territory and protect their trade and influence around the globe. The building of the Panama Canal (1904–14) locked the two countries in their parallel quests but failed to satisfy either fully. Drawing on a wide array of sources, Conniff considers the full range of factors—political, social, strategic, diplomatic, economic, and intellectual—that have bound the two countries together.

United States and the Americas

Page count: 260 pp.
Trim size: 6 x 9


List price: $29.95

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Michael L. Conniff directs the Global Studies Program and is a professor of Latin American history at San José State University. He lived and worked in Panama for many years. He is the author of several books on Panama, Brazil, and Latin America.